Legal Process (Identification) Act 2022: Govt notifies guidelines for safeguard towards misuse, violation | India Information

Home » Legal Process (Identification) Act 2022: Govt notifies guidelines for safeguard towards misuse, violation | India Information
NEW DELHI: Incorporating safeguards towards attainable misuse and violation of particular person liberties whereas imposing the Legal Process (Identification) Act 2022 — which permits the police and jail authorities to take measurements together with fingerprints, palmprints, footprints, biometrics like iris and retina scan, bodily and even organic measurements, with exceptions, of these arrested, convicted or dealing with trial in prison instances— the house ministry on Monday notified guidelines underneath the Act that insulate these arrested for defying prohibitory orders underneath Part 144 of CrPC, probably to interact in peaceable political protests, and difficult lawful authority of public servants, from having their measurements taken until they’re charged or arrested for an offence punishable underneath another regulation.
The Legal Process (Identification) Guidelines, 2022, which have come into pressure, let an authorised consumer or any individual expert in taking the measurements or a registered medical practitioner to take the measurements of an individual for the needs of the Act. Nevertheless, for an individual arrested in reference to an offence underneath Chapter IXA (offences referring to elections) or Chapter X (contempt of lawful authority of public servant) of IPC, measurements shall be taken with the prior written approval of a police officer not beneath the rank of Superintendent of Police.
As per the principles, the measurements of an individual charged with violation of any prohibitory order issued underneath Part 144 or Part 145 or arrested underneath Part 151 (preventive arrest) of the Code of Legal Process, 1973 shall not be taken until such individual is charged or arrested in reference to every other offence punishable underneath every other regulation. The identical aid is given to an individual upon initiation of continuing towards him underneath Part 107-110 until such individual has been ordered to provide safety for his good behaviour or sustaining peace underneath Part 117 of the CrPC.
House minister Amit Shah has, throughout passage of the Invoice in Parliament, already dominated out brain-mapping and narco-analysis from the ambit of measurements which may be taken underneath the Act.
In case an individual resists and refuses to permit his measurements to be taken, the authorised individual can go forward with taking the measurements in accordance with provisions of Sections 53 and 53 A of the CrPC.
The principles authorise the Nationwide Crime Information Bureau (NCRB) to difficulty the usual working procedures for taking, dealing with, storing, disseminating and destroying the measurements. All measurements shall be uploaded and saved in digital format and observe the encryption methodology.
Any act of unauthorised entry, distribution or sharing of information collected underneath the Act shall be punishable as per the provisions of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 and the Info Know-how Act, 2000.
An authorised consumer, for matching the document of measurements of an individual, shall ahead the request to NCRB which shall match the document and supply a report back to the authorised consumer by way of a safe community as quickly as attainable. Any request for destruction of document of measurements shall be made to the nodal officer to be nominated by the respective state authorities or Union Territory administration or Central authorities, because the case could also be, involved with the prison case through which the measurements have been taken. The nodal officer shall confirm that such document of measurements will not be linked with every other prison instances, earlier than destruction.

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